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CSR管理模型笔记(10):在旅游业中的多方参与的人权模型

这一模型说的是在旅游业中的,有多方参与的人权问题的管理模型。主要涉及的是在旅游业中的非法色情服务问题。由于该问题较为冷门,还是作下简单介绍就好了。

At the core of the model presented is the tourism sector’s acknowledgement of accountability on the human rights impacts of its operations. The tourism indus-try is not accused of fomenting development of abusive situations. However, the private sector is asked to react against the use of its networks and establish-ments in circumstances leading to human rights abuses, such as in the case of child sex tourism.

Responsibility of the tourism sector in this field has been defined as direct, or indirect, potential. Direct responsibility corresponds to those businesses who knowingly publicise, promote, and receive sex tours, as well as to the operators of establishments and premises where abusers meet and sexually exploit children, namely, accommodation facilities, entertainment centres, leisure areas, etc. Tol-erating such activities implies complicity and complacency of the private sector.

Indirect or potential responsibility also corresponds to tour operators, travel agents, other carriers and airlines, who become aware that they are used as vehicles carrying declared or potential sex offenders to the destinations.

The model for socially responsible behaviour calls for a public commitment of the company to support awareness raising,and to have a preventative approach to situations of abuse. This is particularly called for in poor countries of the devel-oping world. The model intervenes at key points within the tourism supply chain, and sets in place tools empowering the private sector to prevent child sex tourism while simultaneously improving the quality of the tourism product.

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Under this operational framework, distinct competencies of various stake-holders are brought together to address a grave human rights issue in a coor-dinated manner. Implementation activities take place both in originating (tour-ism sending) countries, and in destination (receiving) countries (see Figure following). Monitoring of the model is facilitated by a multi-stakeholder, coordinat-ing body of international standing, which is supported by the leading IGOs working on the child sex tourism issue.

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